When preparing a trip we always look for a cheap plane ticket, accommodation that fits our budget and the enclaves to visit at the destination. Although there are also other aspects to consider when planning a trip and one of the most important is the traveling health.
When we go on vacation we tend to overlook the possible misfortunes we may suffer, and we just stop to think about what health problems we may encounter during the trip.
Before the trip
Before starting the trip, it is advisable to go through a international vaccination center at least six weeks before so that they advise us medically on the destination that we are going to visit. It is important go at least a month and a half in advance so that, if you need a vaccine, it has enough time to create the antibodies.
In the vaccination center a doctor will explain to us the health risks that we can find in that destination and, at the same time, will be informed of specific epidemics that may exist there. There are two types of vaccines: mandatory and recommended.
One of the mandatory is yellow fever vaccination If you plan to visit a country at risk of contracting this disease. The vaccine is effective for 10 years from the tenth day of the first dose. Being a mandatory vaccine, it is necessary to carry the vaccination card when entering and leaving the country. When I say country I don't just mean Spain, because there are some countries that don't let you in if they haven't given us certain vaccines.
On the other hand, vaccines recommended they are those, which although they are not mandatory to have them on before the trip, it is highly recommended to avoid contracting these diseases. As recommended vaccines we would highlight the cholera, typhoid fever, hepatitis A and B, meningococcal meningitis, polio, rabies and tetanus. In the international vaccination center they will tell you, according to the area to visit, which are the best to have up to date.
For now, still there is no vaccine to fight malaria or the malaria, a widespread disease in tropical countries. Although there is a prophylaxis in the form of pills, the most important thing is to try to prevent the bite of the mosquito that transmits it. Normally, the mosquito bites between dusk and dawn, so during that time of day it is advisable to wear long pants, long sleeves and clothes with light colors, since, surprisingly, dark colors attract mosquitoes. In the areas of the body that are exposed it is convenient to apply mosquitoes.
At bedtime, an air-conditioned room with a mosquito net is recommended. Make sure that the mosquito net is not broken and, when placing it, take care that there is no mosquito inside and make sure that the entire mosquito net is fitted under the mattress. The room can be sprayed with insecticide, connect an anti-mosquito to the current or light a spiral of mosquito incense at night, although the most effective is the mosquito net and the air conditioning.
Another disease that is spreading more and more is the dengue, for which there is neither vaccine nor prophylaxis and the only way to avoid it is to avoid bites from infected mosquitoes. Dengue mostly occurs in urban areas in tropical and subtropical countries, and is transmitted by the female mosquito Aedes Itchy all day, but especially in the morning.
It is also good to bring a basic first aid kit containing the following:
- Material for priests (strips, gauze, iodine, alcohol ...)
- Sun cream (not only if you go to the beach, since at high altitudes it is also necessary to protect yourself from the sun).
- Mosquito repellents (Relec, Goibi, etc); The bracelets do nothing.
- Oral serum in sachets
- Micralax (to control constipation in a controlled manner)
- Loperamide (only in case of diarrhea on long journeys)
- Paracetamol (for fever)
- Ibuprofen (for muscle aches)
- Stomach protector
- Almax (to combat strong foods)
- Mosquito repellent
- Earplugs in case of sleeping in bedrooms (very beneficial for the mental health of the traveler)